Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) is caused by the abnormality seen in the functioning and development of blood cells present in the bone marrow. It affects the production of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, leading to various complications. Cancer.net states that MDS occurs most often in people older than 60 and is less common in younger people.
Platforms like Medditour connect the patients seeking treatments for MDS with global hospitals and facilitators for affordable treatments.
In this article, we will discuss about the causes, diagnosis and treatments for MDS and also explore how medical tourism in Thailand, Singapore, and India help in curing it.
Myelodysplastic syndrome: causes, diagnosis, and treatments
The exact cause of MDS is often unknown, but several risk factors have been identified. Exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene, tobacco smoke, and pesticides may increase the risk of developing MDS. Previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy for other cancers, as well as certain genetic mutations, can also predispose individuals to MDS.
The diagnosis of MDS involves a thorough evaluation of a patient’s medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Blood tests are conducted to assess the levels of various blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Additionally, a bone marrow biopsy is performed to examine the morphology and functionality of the cells in the bone marrow. This helps in determining the severity and subtype of MDS.
The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms, improve blood counts, and prevent complications. Common treatment approaches include:
- Supportive Care: This involves blood transfusions to alleviate anemia, antibiotics to treat infections, and growth factors to stimulate blood cell production.
- Chemotherapy: Certain medications, such as azacitidine and decitabine, can help stimulate normal blood cell production and slow down the progression of MDS.
- Stem Cell Transplantation: In severe cases, a stem cell transplant may be recommended. This procedure involves replacing the patient’s diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells from a compatible donor.
AAMDS International Foundation states that with current treatments, patients with lower-risk types of some MDS can live for 5 years or even longer.
Medical tourism for MDS treatment
Thailand, Singapore, and India have emerged as popular destinations for medical tourism due to their advanced healthcare infrastructure and expertise in various medical fields.
These countries have renowned hematologists and oncologists who specialize in diagnosing and treating MDS. Thailand, Singapore, and India are at the forefront of medical research and technology. Their medical treatments are often more cost-effective compared with many Western countries.
These countries are known for their focus on holistic care and wellness. Patients can expect comprehensive support, including post-treatment rehabilitation, counseling services, and alternative therapies that can aid in their recovery and overall well-being.
Companies like Medditour provide opportunities for patients seeking treatments for diseases like MDS to combine their treatments with vacation, so that they can relax at the exotic locations and recover faster.
In conclusion, MDS is a complex hematological disorder that requires specialized care and expertise. Thailand, Singapore, and India offer excellent healthcare facilities and skilled medical professionals who can provide comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for MDS. Medical tourism to these countries can open up new avenues for patients seeking advanced treatment options, affordability, and holistic care.