Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML), a rapidly progressing form of blood cancer, poses significant challenges for both patients and healthcare providers. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are crucial for improving survival rates and quality of life. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute states that treatment for AML is a long-term process.
Platforms like Medditour connect the patients seeking treatments for AML with the global hospitals and facilitators for affordable treatments.
This article explores the diagnosis and treatment of AML while highlighting how medical tourism in India, Dubai, and Turkey can help access the treatment.
Diagnosis of AML
AML is characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow, which interferes with the production of healthy blood cells. Prompt diagnosis is essential for effective treatment. Key steps in the diagnosis of AML include:
- Blood Tests: Initial blood tests can reveal abnormalities in the blood cell counts, such as a high number of immature white blood cells, low red blood cells (anemia), and low platelets (thrombocytopenia).
- Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy: AML diagnosis is confirmed through the examination of bone marrow samples. During these procedures, a small amount of bone marrow is extracted and analyzed for the presence of abnormal cells.
- Genetic Testing: Genetic testing can provide crucial information about specific genetic mutations that may influence treatment decisions.
- Imaging: Imaging tests like CT scans may be performed to determine the extent of the disease and check for any organ involvement.
Treatment of AML
AML treatment aims to achieve remission, where the bone marrow returns to normal function, and eliminate any remaining leukemia cells to prevent relapse. Treatment options for AML include:
- Chemotherapy: The cornerstone of AML treatment, chemotherapy involves the use of powerful drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Stem Cell Transplantation: For some patients, particularly those with high-risk or relapsed AML, a stem cell transplant (allogeneic or autologous) may be recommended. This procedure replaces damaged bone marrow with healthy stem cells.
- Targeted Therapy: Certain medications target specific genetic mutations associated with AML, such as FLT3 or IDH inhibitors. These therapies offer more precise treatment options with fewer side effects.
Cancer.Net states that the 5-year relative survival rate for people 20 and older with AML is 28%. For people younger than 20, the 5-year relative survival rate is 69%.
Medical tourism for AML
Medical tourism provides patients with access to high-quality healthcare services at competitive prices, making it a viable option for AML treatment. Here’s how India, Dubai, and Turkey can assist patients seeking treatment for AML:
India has emerged as a prominent medical tourism destination, offering state-of-the-art healthcare facilities, experienced oncologists, and cost-effective treatments.
Dubai’s strategic location has positioned it as a medical tourism hub in the Middle East. The city boasts modern healthcare facilities, multilingual medical staff, and a welcoming environment for international patients.
Turkey’s healthcare sector has witnessed significant growth in recent years, making it an attractive destination for medical tourists. Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir are home to hospitals with advanced oncology departments, experienced hematologists, and comprehensive AML treatment options.
Medical tourism companies like Medditour provide opportunities for patients seeking treatments for AML to combine their treatments with vacation.
In conclusion, AML is a formidable adversary, but with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, patients can achieve remission and regain their health. Medical tourism in countries like India, Dubai, and Turkey offers accessible and cost-effective avenues for AML patients to access world-class care.