Thalassemia is a group of genetic blood disorders that affect the production of hemoglobin, the protein responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. This condition results in anemia, fatigue, jaundice, and other health complications. There are two main types of thalassemia: alpha and beta thalassemia, each with different subtypes. NHS states that stem cell or bone marrow transplants are the only cure for thalassaemia, but they’re not done very often because of the significant risks involved.
Platforms like Medditour connect the patients with the international hospitals and facilitators for the treatment of thalassemia at affordable prices.
In this article, let’s find out in depth about the diagnosis and treatment of thalassemia and how does medical tourism in India help in its treatment.
Thalassemia: Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of thalassemia is usually done through a combination of blood tests and genetic testing. Blood tests can determine the levels of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the body, while genetic testing can identify mutations in the genes responsible for producing hemoglobin.
Treatments are available to manage the symptoms and complications of the condition. The most common treatment for thalassemia is regular blood transfusions, which help to replace the deficient hemoglobin in the blood. However, repeated transfusions can lead to iron overload in the body, which can damage organs such as the liver, heart, and endocrine glands.
To prevent this, patients may also undergo chelation therapy, which involves the use of medications to remove excess iron from the body.
Bone marrow transplantation is another treatment option for thalassemia, especially in younger patients who have a compatible donor. This procedure involves replacing the patient’s bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from the donor, which can produce healthy red blood cells.
Hindustan Times states that most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. With all these treatments, the patients can hope to live longer.
Medical tourism for thalassemia
India has a highly developed healthcare system, with world-class facilities and highly skilled medical professionals. The cost of treatment in India is significantly lower than in many Western countries, making it an attractive option for patients seeking affordable healthcare.
In India, there are several specialized hospitals and clinics that offer thalassemia treatment, including blood transfusions, chelation therapy, and bone marrow transplantation. These facilities are equipped with the latest medical technologies and staffed by experienced physicians and support staff who provide personalized care to patients.
One of the main advantages of medical tourism in India for thalassemia treatment is the cost savings. Patients can save up to 80% on the cost of treatment compared to countries such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
India has a large pool of highly skilled doctors and nurses who are trained in the latest medical techniques and technologies. Moreover, companies like Medditour provide opportunities for patients to combine their treatment with vacation, which would be beneficial for the patients to spend time with their families at the exotic location in the popular medical tourism destinations.
In conclusion, thalassemia is a serious blood disorder that requires ongoing management and treatment. While there is no cure for thalassemia, there are effective treatments available, including blood transfusions, chelation therapy, and bone marrow transplantation. Medical tourism in India can be a cost-effective and high-quality option for thalassemia treatment, offering patients access to world-class facilities and highly skilled medical professionals at a fraction of the cost of many Western countries.